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Full text of "History of Wyoming and (The Far West) ... by Dr. C. G. Coutant : [prospectus]"


University of California Berkeley 
From the papers of 

WILLIAM MCDEVITT 



History of Wyoming 

AND 

(The Far West) 



Embracing an Account of the Spanish, Canadian 

and American Explorations; the Experiences 

and Adventures of Trappers and Traders 

in the Early Days; Including Events of 

the Oregon Emigration, the Mormon 

Movement and Settlements, the 

Indian Tribes, their Manners 

and Customs, and their Wars 

and Depredations on the 

Overland Trail, etc., etc. 



INTERSPERSED WITH 

Personal Reminiscences of Pioneers 
With Numerous Engravings 



BY 

Dr. C. G. Coutant 



IMPORTANT ANNOUNCEMENT 

To Librarians and Collectors: An Unknown History 
of the West, by an Eminent Authority, printed some 
fifteen years ago, has just been discovered. 

This work is of the highest importance to all students 
of Western History, and must form a necessary part of 
any collection relating to the Early History, Explora- 
tion and Development of these Vast Regions. 

The Author spent a life-time in gathering his ma- 
terials, in the sifting of Early Narratives and Manu- 
scripts and in collecting from remaining Pioneers, per- 
sonal accounts of adventure and experience during the 
"Early Day." 

The book is an Octavo, of 712 pages, substantially 
bound, illustrated with 2 maps and 76 portraits and 
views, many of wMch are Rare, and secured, as the 
author states, with great difficulty. 

An examination of the following pages, in which we 
give the Contents of this volume, will show in the fewest 
possible words, its character, scope and importance. 



History of Wyoming 

(and the Far West) 

By 
C. G. Coutant 



CONTENTS 

CHAPTER I 

PAGE 
Introductory Remarks 17 

Grand Possibilities Mineral Wealth Backbone of 
the Continent Fountain Head of Mighty Rivers 
Boundaries Names of Rivers and Mountains. 

CHAPTER II 

Spanish Occupation 23 

The Claims of the Spaniards Regarding the North- 
wesV-What Different Writers Say Where Did the White 
Blood of the Mandans Come From? Relics of Iron 
Tools Found in Northern Wyoming and Montana Evi- 
dences of Mining and Agriculture Carried on Probably in 
the Seventeenth Century The Subject Referred to Fu- 
ture Historians. 

CHAPTER III 

French Canadian Explorations 33 

The De la Verendryes Lead an Expedition from Can- 
ada to the Headwaters of the Mississippi Across to the 
Missouri into the Yellowstone and Wind River Countries 
Turned Back by the Shoshones, Who Persuade the Ex- 
plorers That They Will be Killed by the Sioux at South 
Pass Eleven Years Spent in the Wilderness Return to 
Montreal Second Expedition Is Prevented by the Death 
of De la Verendrye Unprincipled Politicians Rob the De 
la Verendrye Family and Get Their Hands in the Coffers 
of the King Fur Trade Under English Ownership of 
Canada American Revolution Leads to Great Changes 
in the Fur Trade. 



4 HUDSON BOOK CO. 

CHAPTER IV 
The First American Explorers 43 

History of Western Course of Empire Thomas 
Jefferson Becomes a Leader and Finally Succeeds in His 
Cherished Scheme of Sending Expeditions up the Head- 
waters of the Missouri to Search For a Gateway Through 
the Rocky Mountains The Lewis and Clark Expedition 
They Winter at the Mandan Village on the Upper Missouri 
in 1804 In 1805 Spend the Winter at the mouth of the 
Columbia Return to St. Louis in 1806. 

CHAPTER V 

The Famous John Colter 61 

The First American to Enter Wyoming A Member 
of the Lewis and Clark Expedition Remains in the Vicin- 
ity of the Yellowstone From 1806 to 1810 He Traps 
Along the Big Horn, Big Wind River, and Crosses the 
Range to the Pacific Slope in 1807 Returns by the Way 
of the Yellowstone National Park, of Which He Was the 
Discoverer His Adventure With the Blackfeet A Race 
for Life Relates His Story to Captain Clark, Bradbury 
and Others. 

CHAPTER VI 

Ezekiel Williams' Party 70 

They Follow Up the Yellowstone and are Attacked by 
Blackfeet Cross Over to the Big Horn and go South 
Reach the Sweetwater Another Attack by Indians Re- 
treat South Across the Laramie Plains and Reach the 
Headwaters of the South Platte Comanches Attack the 
Party and Kill all But Three Williams Returns to St. 
Louis and the Two Others go to Southern California 
The Leader Again Visits the Sweetwater in 1809. 

CHAPTER VII 

The Astoria Expedition 74 

The Tonquin Sails For the Mouth of the Columbia 
Wilson P. Hunt Organizes a Land Expedition and Goes 
up the Missouri The Party Reaches the Country Which 
Is Now Wyoming Numerous Attempts Made to Cross the 
Big Horn Mountains Finally Ascend the Middle Fork of 
the Powder River and Reach the No Wood Journey Up 
the Big Horn and Big Wind Rivers Cross Sheridan 
Pass to the Headwaters of Green River First View of 
the Grand Tetons Crossing the Green River Valley 
They Reach the Headwaters of the Columbia. 



862 HEWITT PLACE, NEW YORK CITY 5 

CHAPTER VIII 

Astorians (Continued) 85 

Hunt and His Party Follow Down the Mad (Snake) 
River They Reach Henry's Fort Build Canoes and At- 
tempt the Further Journey by Water Three Hundred 
and Forty Miles Below Again Take to the Land Great 
Suffering of the Party Through Hunger and Cold At 
Last Reach the Falls of the Columbia Balance of the 
Journey Made by Canoes Arrival at Astoria. 

CHAPTER IX 

Conditions at Astoria 91 

Arrival of the Tonquin David Stuart's Expedition to 
Establish a New Trading Post David Thompson, of the 
Northwest Company, Comes Down the Columbia to Plant 
the British Flag at the Mouth of that River, But Is Too 
Late Disaster to the Tonquin and the Murder of Her 
Crew by Indians Mr. Lewis' Terrible Revenge Indians 
at Astoria Held in Check by Threats of Spreading Small- 
pox Among Them Arrival of the Beaver From New York 
Departure of Hunt For New Archangel and the Sand- 
wich Islands Treachery of McDougal Abandonment of 
Astoria. 

CHAPTER X 

Great Overland Trail Discovered 101 

Robert Stuart and His Little Band of Six Pass 
Around the South End of the Wind River Range during 
the Early Winter of 1812 Discovery of the Sweetwater 
River and Passage Down That Stream They Camp at 
Bessemer for the Winter Leave Their Winter Camp For 
Fear of Indians Great Suffering of the Party as They 
Journey Down the Platte Discovery of the Platte River 
Canon Second Winter Encampment Journey Down the 
River in the Spring of 1813. 

CHAPTER XI 

Ashley's Trappers 119 

Trapping on the Yellowstone, Big Horn, Big Wind, 
and Other Sources of the Missouri Names the Sweet- 
water and Changes the Name Spanish River to Green 
River Employs Over Three Hundred Trappers His Ex- 
pedition to Salt Lake Marvelous Success As a Fur 
Trader Makes a Fortune and Sells Out to Sublette, 
Campbell, Bridger and Others His Speech to the Moun- 
tain Men Changes the Character of the Trapper by 



6 HUDSON BOOK CO. 

Mounting Him on Horseback A Lifelong Personal Friend 
of Every Trapper Who Shared With Him the Dangers of 
the Mountains Author's Tribute to the American 
Trapper. 

CHAPTER XII 
Fur Trappers and Traders 130 

Captain William Sublette Succeeds General Ashley 
He Organizes the Rocky Mountain Fur Company With 
Jedediah S. Smith, David E. Jackson and Others as Part- 
ners Brilliant Campaign Planned and Carried Out 
Names Jackson's Hole and Lake Introduces Wagons Into 
the Service in Wyoming Captain Nathaniel J. Wyeth 
Battle of Pierre's Hole Death of Vanderberg Bridger's 
Affair With the Chief of the' Blackfeet Success Attends 
the Fur Trade. 

CHAPTER XIII 

Captain Bonneville 148 

Leaves Fort Osage With Twenty Wagons and One 
Hundred and Ten Men Reaches the Platte River Below 
Grand Island Scott's Bluffs and Origin of the Name 
Follows the North Fork of the Platte Crosses Over to 
the Sweetwater Experience of Tom Cain Rejoicings 
After Crossing the Continental Divide Fontenelle Over- 
takes the Bonneville Party Arrival at Green River 
Fortifies His Camp Free Trappers Visited by Blackfeet. 

CHAPTER XIV 

Bonneville Sends Out His Trappers 157 

Various Detachments in the Field Main Party Pass 
Through Jackson's Hole and Pierre's Hole on the Way to 
Solomon River Meets the Nez Perces His Opinion of 
This Tribe Experiences During the Winter Rendezvous 
on Green River in 1833 Stories of His Several Leaders 
Scenes at the Rendezvous A Digression by the Author, 
in Which He Tells of the Relations Between Captain 
Bonneville and Washington Irving Valuable Services 
Rendered the Government. 

CHAPTER XV 

Bonneville Leaves Wyoming 171 

Furs Collected, Convoyed to the Big Horn and Shipped 
by Bull Boats Interesting Incidents of the Journey North 
Discovery of the Great Tar Spring Dangers and Diffi- 
culties of the Return Trip Discovery of the Big Hot 
Spring Near the Present Site of Fort Washakie Captain 



862 HEWITT PLACE, NEW YORK CITY 7 

Bonneville Attempts to Work His Way Through the Wind 
River Range Ascent of Mount Bonneville Toilsome 
Journey Discovers a Community of Beavers Returns 
to His Caches on Green River by Way of South Pass 
Crosses the Wind River Range at the Head of Green 
River Many Incidents of His Second Journey to the 
Columbia Last Winter in the Mountains Rendezvous 
in the Wind River Valley Returns to Civilization. 

CHAPTER XVI 

Sketches of Trappers and Traders 188 

Trappers First Permanent Settlers in Wyoming 
Personal Mention of Jim. Beckwourth Nathaniel J. 
Wyeth James Bridger Kit Carson Jedediah S. Smith 
Joshua Pilcher George W. Ebberts Robert Newell 
Captain William Sublette Thomas Fitzpatrick Frapp 
Jervaise Fontenelle Jennings LeRoy Ross Sinclair 
Brothers Dripps Vasques Goodale Pappen Tulleck. 

CHAPTER XVII 

Opening of First Highway 1835-1843 207 

The Missionaries, Parker and Whitman, Pass Up the 
Platte, Sweetwater, and Reach Green River Dr. Whit- 
man Returns to the States A Romantic Wedding Tour 
First Two White Women in Wyoming Remarkable 
Fourth of July Celebration at South Pass Grand Recep- 
tion Given the Pioneer Women at Green River Arrival 
in Oregon Perilous Ride of Dr. Whitman Passes 
Through Wyoming With a Thousand Settlers The Indian 
Massacre The Hero of Western Civilization. 

CHAPTER XVIII 

Father Peter De Smet 229 

His Arrival in Wyoming and Passes Up the North 
Platte and Sweetwater The Flatheads Meet Him at 
Green River Wonderful Interest Shown by the Indians 
In This Priest He Tells of His Experiences and Future 
Labors Many Visits to Wyoming Incident Among the 
Crows Supposed Knowledge of Gold in the Big Horn 
Mountains His Death at St. Louis What Is Thought of 
Father DeSmet in Wyoming. 

CHAPTER XIX 

Fremont's Explorations 238 

The First Military Expedition to Visit Our State 
The Main Detachment Follows the North Platte to Fort 



8 HUDSON BOOK CO. 

Laramie Fremont, With a Small Party, Visits Fort St. 
Vrain and Passes North to Fort Laramie Description 
of the Fort as It Appeared in 1842 Indians Invite Them 
to Partake of a Dog Feast Indian Chiefs Warn the Party 
that if They Go Further West, They Will Be Killed 
Fremont's Speech of Defiance Expedition Goes For- 
ward Observations Regarding Formations, Soils, Cli- 
mate, Etc. 

CHAPTER XX 

Fremont's Explorations (Continued) 255 

Meets a Band of Ogalalla Sioux Discouraging Re- 
ports of the Condition of the Country Severe Drought 
and a Grasshopper Plague Advised to Give up the Ex- 
pedition Boldly Pushes Forward Journey Up the Sweet- 
water Crosses South Pass Penetrates the Wind River 
Range Climbs Fremont's Peak The Return Journey 
Engraves a Cross on Independence Rock More Carefully 
Explores the North Platte Returns to Fort Laranpe 
Follows the Platte to the Missouri Goes Down the Miss- 
ouri in a Ten-Oared Boat Arrives at St. Louis. 

CHAPTER XXI 
Fremont's Second Expedition 274 

The Start From the Missouri Follow the Kansas 
River Command Divided Explorations in Colorado 
Two Divisions Meet at Fort St. Vrain Twenty-Five Men 
With the Baggage Go By Way of Fort Laramie to Fort 
Hall Fremont and Thirteen Men Explore Laramie Plains 
and Proceed Westward to Eastern Rim of Red Desert 
Proceed North to Sweetwater Journey to Bear River 
Explore Great Salt Lake Join Balance of Command at 
Fort Hall Explorations in Oregon Winter Campaign in 
the Mountains of California Third Exploring Expedition 
and Experiences in California Fourth Exploring Ex- 
pedition Great Suffering of the Party and Eleven 
Deaths Fremont's Public Services. 

CHAPTER XXII 

Discoveries in Yellowstone Park 286 

Joseph Meek Strays Into the Park in 1829 and Tells 
What He Saw An Unknown Explorer in 1833 Writes the 
First Description of Geysers Jim Bridger in 1850 Takes 
His Friends to See the Curiosities at the Head of the 
Yellowstone, Which He Had Been Telling About for 
Twenty-five Years Reynolds' Expedition in 1860 Is Pre- 
vented by Deep Snow From Entering the Geyser Coun- 



862 HEWITT PLACE, NEW YORK CITY g 

try Numerous Prospectors See the Thermal Springs 
and Geysers The Folsom Expedition of 1869 Organiza- 
tion of the Washburn Expedition in 1870. 

CHAPTER XXIII 

History of Fort Laramie 296 

A Noted Post in the Wilderness Story of Jacques 
Laramie Naming Laramie River Robert Campbell 
Builds Fort William Name Changed to Fort Laramie 
Purchased by Milton Sublette, Jim Bridger and others 
Sold to American Fur Company Becomes the Capital 
of the Wilderness Palmy Days at the Old Trading Post 
Important Station on the Overland Trail Closing Days of 
the Fur Traders at Fort Laramie. 

CHAPTER XXIV 

History of Fort Laramie (Continued) 310 

Purchase of Fort Laramie by United States Govern- 
ment The Price Paid The First Garrison Reinforce- 
ments Rebuilding of the Fort Scurvy Attacks the 
Soldiers Cholera at Scott's Bluffs Captain Ketchum Re- 
lieves Major Sanderson as Commander American Fur 
Company Retires Down the River to Scott's Bluffs Emi- 
grant Trains Indians for the Most Part Peaceable 
Valuable Services of American Fur Company to Emi- 
grants Treaty of 1851. 

CHAPTER XXV 

History of Fort Laramie (Continued) 320 

Unpleasant Side of the Service at Fort Laramie 
Shut up in the Wilderness Gloom and Despondency 
Insolent Savages Indians Severely Punished Lieuten- 
ant Grattan and Thirty Soldiers Massacred Sioux Tribes 
on the War Path Fort Laramie Reinforced Major Hoff- 
man Takes Command The Sioux Make War on Emigrant 
Trains Sir George Gore's Hunting Expedition Bridger 
Becomes Guide Terrible Conditions Along the Overland 
Trail Government Urged to Protect Emigrants War 
Department Aroused at Last. 

CHAPTER XXVI 

The Oregon Emigration 330 

Dr. Elijah White's Train of 1842 Trials and Tribu- 
lations by the Way Fitzpatrick the Guide Emigrants 
of 1844 Extravagant Prices at Fort Laramie That 
Year One Thousand Four Hundred and Seventy-five 
People Go to Oregon in 1844 Senator Benton's Prophecy 



10 HUDSON BOOK CO. 

The Business of the Trail in 1845 The Rush in 1846 
Indians Say White Men Are as Numerous as the Leaves 
of the Forest Scenes at Fort Laramie Increasing Emi- 
gration of 1847-8 The "Days of Forty-Nine." 

CHAPTER XXVII 

Mormon Emigration 340 

Brigham Young's Pioneer Train An Incident on the 
Eastern Border of Wyoming Arrival at Fort Laramie 
Crossing the Platte Above Caspar With Boats and Rafts 
The Train Crosses South Pass Reaches the Big Sandy 
and Green River Jim Bridger Meets Brigham Young 
The Stop at Fort Bridger Train Passes Out of Wyom- 
ing Arrival in Salt Lake Valley Incidents Connected 
with the Mormon Settlement Character of Brigham 
Young. 

CHAPTER XXVIII 

History of Fort Bridger 349 

First a Trappers' and Traders' Rendezvous 
Bridger Builds a Block House The Bridger and Vas- 
quez Partnership The Mormons Settle Around the Fort 
In 1853 Rebuilt in 1855 Occupied by Government 
Troops, Winter of 1857-8 Troops on Short Rations 
Captain Marcy's Winter Journey Fort Rebuilt by the 
Government Practically Abandoned in 1861 Judge 
Carter Organizes a Company of Mountineers to Garrison 
the Fort California and Nevada Volunteers Occupy the 
Post From 1862 to 1866 Arrival of United States Troops 
to Replace Volunteers Troops Protect Overland Stages 
and Engineers of Union Pacific Railway Abandoned in 
1890. 

CHAPTER XXIX 

Events on the Overland 359 

What Came of Fremont's Explorations Hockaday 
and Liggett's Monthly Stage from the Missouri to Salt 
Lake Fort Kearney, South Pass and Honey Lake Wagon 
Road Winter Camp in the Wind River Valley Colonel 
F. W. Lander and the Shoshone Indians Russell, Majors 
and Waddell, the Freighters Daily Stage Line The 
Pony Express Fight Between the Shoshones and 
Sioux War Chief Washakie's Eldest Son Construction 
of the Telegraph Line. 

CHAPTER XXX 

Changing the Overland Trail 374 

Ben Holliday Becomes Proprietor of the Stage Line 
Shoshones Capture all the Horses For a Distance of 



862 HEWITT PLACE, NEW YORK CITY j i 

200 Miles The Mormon Battalion Arrival of Volunteer 
Troops The Emigrant Road Expedition Colonel P. 
Edward Connor Takes Charge of the Military District of 
Utah Fort Douglass Located Fort Bridger Garrisoned 
Mormon Effort to Have Troops Removed From Fort 
Douglass Colonel Connor's Letter to the War Depart- 
ment Removal of the State to the Laramie Plains and 
Bridger Pass Route Whiskey Gap Named Thorough 
Equipment of the Holliday Line. 

CHAPTia.., XXXI 

Indian Depredations on the Overland 390 

Colonel Connor's Winter Campaign Battle of Bear 
River Two Hundred and Twenty-Four Indians Killed 
Colonel Connor Made a Brigadier General Southern 
Utes Go on the War Path Additional Troops Asked 
For General Connor Makes a Statement to the War De- 
partment Regarding the Mormons Major Wynkoop 
Ordered to the Overland Trail Hostiles Attack Sweet- 
water Station Utes Attack Stage Station on Laramine 
Plains The Bannocks and Snakes Want Peace Wyom- 
ing Attached to the Military District of Colorado Utes 
Sue for Peace in Utah The Career of the Notorious 
Joseph A. Slade in Wyoming His Execution by Vigilan- 
tes in Montana. 

CHAPTER XXXII 

Indian Troubles on the Overland 406 

Events of 1864 A Glance Backward The Crow 
Country The Crow Character What Robert Campbell 
Says of Them The Bozeman Road The Man Who Laid 
It Out and His Death Overland Stage Company Com- 
plains General Connor's Policy With the Indians Suc- 
cessful Return of Stolen Property General Connor 
Ordered to Protect the Overland From Salt Lake to Fort 
Kearney Mormons Attempt to Have Camp Douglass 
Removed General Connor's Trouble With the Mormons 
The Outlook for 1865. 

CHAPTER XXXIII 

The Bloody Year on the Plains 422 

Indians Become Experts in Killing and Robbing 
Hostilities Open on January 7 Captain O'Brien's Des- 
perate Fight Against Overwhelming Numbers The 
Burning of Julesburg Station The Attack on Mud 
Springs Station Colonel Collins Brings Relief Fight 
at Rush Creek Destruction of the Telegraph Line 
Colonel Collins Returns to Fort Laramie His Recommen- 
dations to the Government Organization of the Depart- 



12 HUDSON BOOK CO. 

ment of the Plains General Connor Placed in Command 
Indians Attack Deer Creek Station Colonel Moon- 
light's Expedition to Wind River Renewed Trouble at 
Julesburg Capture of Two Face and Blackfoot Their 
Execution at Fort Laramie Rescue of Mrs. Eubanks 
..The Schuyler Coif ax Party. 

CHAPTER XXXIV 

The Bloody Year on the Plains (Continued) 445 

Headquarters Removed From Denver to Julesburg 
Colonel Moonlight Places Additional Troops on the Tele- 
graph Line District Inspectors Appointed Command- 
ers of the Different Posts Indians Attack Rock Ridge 
and Sweetwater Stations Attack and Burning of St. 
Mary's Station Affair at Platte Bridge Trouble at Sage 
Creek, Pine Grove and Bridge Pass Stations Second At- 
tack on Sage Creek Station The Stage Company Refuses 
to Run Coaches Soldiers Mutiny So-Called Friendly In- 
dians Mutiny Colonel Moonlight's Troubles General Con- 
nor Getting Ready For a Campaign on Powder River 
Troops Delayed By Bad Roads Additional Troubles on 
the Telegraph Line and the Stage Route Across Laramie 
Plains Niobrara and Montana Wagon Road. 

CHAPTER XXXV 

The Bloody Year on the Plains (Continued) 469 

The Massaacre at Platt Bridge Lieutenant Caspar 
W. Collings Goes Out to Insure the Safety of a Wagon 
Train and Is Killed Together With Eight of His Men and 
Seven More Wounded Twenty-One Men Belonging to the 
Wagon Train Are All Killed But Three Three Thousand 
Indians Threaten Platte Bridge How Fort Caspar Re- 
ceived Its Name Able Letter on the Indian Question by 
Major General John Pope Indian Affairs Discussed by 
the Author Mistakes Made by the Government in the 
Management of the Indians General Connor Is Given a 
New Command General Wheaton Assumes Command of 
The District of Nebraska, With Headquarters at Fort 
Laramie Reduction of the Army on the Plains Its 
Effect on the Savages The Much Talked of Peace Con- 
ference to be Held at Fort Laramie, May, 1866. 

CHAPTER XXXVI 

The Bloody Year on the Plains (Continued) 491 

Troops Operating Against Savages Divided Into 
Small Detachments Red Men Have Things Their Own 
Way Indian Affairs and the Indian Question The 



862 HEWITT PLACE, NEW YORK CITY 13 

Powder River Campaign Discussed and Determined by 
Generals Pope, Dodge and Connor General Connor Issues 
His Instructions to Colonel Cole and Makes Known His 
Plan of Campaign Departure of the Expedition Cap- 
tain George F. Price Left in Command at Fort Laramie 
Pope Abolishes the District of the Plains Assigns Con- 
nor to the District of Utah General F. Wheaton Assigned 
to the District of Nebraska With Headquarters at Fort 
Laramie Indian Depredations on the Telegraph and Mail 
Line After General Connor's Departure For Powder 
River. 

CHAPTER XXXVII 

Report of the Powder River Expedition 505 

Captain Palmer's Diary The Army of Invasion 
Starts North Crossing the Platte at LaBonta's Ranch 
Incidents by the Way Building of Fort Connor A Run- 
ning Fight Twenty-Four Indians Killed A Skirmish 
Visits Lake De Smet Something About Jim Bridger 
Battle of Tongue River Exciting Scenes on the Field 
of Carnage The March Down Tongue River Anxiety 
About Colonel Cole's Command Scouring the Country 
For Indians Colonel Cole Heard From and His Troops 
Reported to Be in a Starving Condition He Fails to 
Meet General Connor at the Appointed Place of Ren- 
dezvous Return of the Various Commands to Fort 
Laramie. 

CHAPTER XXXVIII 

Thrilling Events of the Bozeman Road 541 

Mountain District Organized Colonel H. B. Carring- 
ton Assumes Command Expedition Moves From Fort 
Kearney The Peace Conference at Fort Laramie Red 
Cloud's Position and Brave Words The March to Fort 
Reno The Building of the New Fort Selecting a Site 
For Fort Phil. Kearney Erection of the Post Commenced 
Conference With Hostiles First Encounter With the 
Savages Attack on Train at Clear Creek Lieutenant 
Daniels Killed Fort C. F. Smith located General Hazen 
Inspects the Posts Fort Phil. Kearney Practically Com- 
pleted October 31st. 

CHAPTER XXXIX 

Thrilling Events of the Bozeman Road (Continued) .560 

Description of Fort Phil. Kearney Colonel Carring- 
ton's Address and Hoisting the Flag A Night Attack 
The Garrison Harassed by Night and by Day Fight of 
December 6th, Lieutenant Bingham and Sergeant Bowers 



14 HUDSON BOOK CO. 

Killed The Fetterman Massacre Eighty-One Brave 
Men Meet Death Scenes at the Fort Burial of the 
Dead John Phillips' Daring Ride fdr Help His Arrival 
at Fort Laramie Reinforcements Go to Fort Phil. 
Kearney Suffering of the Troops From the Cold on the 
Journey A Review of the Causes Which Led to the 
Massacre. 

CHAPTER XL 

Red Cloud Continues the War 1867 580 

Government Wants Peace Red Cloud Jubilant 
Brigadier General Wessels Takes Command of Fort Phil. 
Kearney Carrington Goes to Fort McPherson General 
St. George Cooke Removed and General Augur Assumes 
Command of the Department of the Platte Report of 
Congressional Committee on the Fetterman Massacre 
Red Cloud, With a Large Force Hovers About Fort Phil. 
Kearney Makes Preparations to Storm the Fort 
Major Powell's Desperate Fight With Red Cloud Indians 
Severely Beaten Recruits His Forces From Other Tribes 
Spotted Tail Punishes Deserters Building of Fort 
Fetterman Fort D. A. Russell Located. 

CHAPTER XLI 

Mistaken Policy of the Government 1868 598 

Indians Continue Hostilities Record for the Month 
of March Peace Commissioners Assemble at Fort 
Laramie Red Cloud Agrees to Terms But Does Not Sign 
Six Hundred of His Warriors Dissatisfied and With- 
draw The Marauding Bands Continue the War Forts 
Reno, Phil. Kearney and C. F. Smith Abandoned 
Several Regiments Withdraw From the Plains General 
Sheridan Points Out the Mistakes of the Peace Policy of 
the Government Indian Troubles Renewed Schuyler 
Colfax's Message to the War Department Governor 
Hunt of Colorado Asks for Arms General Sherman's 
Reply Generals Sheridan and Custer Take the Field- 
Text of the Sioux Treaty Building of Fort Fred. Steele. 

CHAPTER XLII 

The Territory of Wyoming 1868 621 

The Building of a Railroad Necessitates a Govern- 
ment The Name Wyoming and Its Origin The First 
Bill in Congress Dr. Hiram Latham Sent to Washington 
as an Agent of the People Circular Distributed Among 
the Senators and Members of the House of Represent- 
atives Bill Passes the Senate Difficulties Encountered 



862 HEWITT PLACE, NEW YORK CITY 15 

in the House It was Finally Passed and Signed by the 
President Territorial Officers Nominated by President 
Johnson But Not Confirmed by the Senate Bill Delayed 
Until General Grant Becomes President The Act Organ- 
izing the Territory. 

CHAPTER XLIII 

South Pass Gold Discoveries 1842-1869 636 

A Georgian Makes the First Discovery in 1842 
Thirteen Years Later Forty Men Arrived and Made Rich 
Discoveries Next Year They Are Driven Out of the 
Country by United States Troops The Attempts at Min- 
ing From 1858 to 1864 Lieutenant Brown's Discoveries 
Major Baldwin Outfits Two Prospectors Organization of 
the Lincoln Mining District Discovery of Carissa in 
1867 Killing of Captain Lawrence and Tony Shields by 
Indians Mad Rush to South Pass in 1868 Numerous 
Rich Mines Discovered That Year Attack by Indians 
Building of Sawmills and Quartz Mills Discoveries of 
1869 More Indian Depredations Murders of the Year 
Pioneers of the Camps. 

CHAPTER XLIV 

Building the Union Pacific 675 

National Surveys Chartered by Congress Subsidy 
in Lands Government Bonds Loaned The Road a 
National Necessity Patriotic Private Citizens Furnish 
Money and Construct the Road The Government Secures 
Great Benefits For Which It Pays Practically Nothing 
Incidents in the History of Construction Marvelous 
Speed of the Track Layers A Well Organized Army of 
Builders Building Across Wyoming Bear River Riot 
Close of 1868. 

CHAPTER XLV 

Pioneers and Origin of Names 685 

August Lucius, First Government Interpreter at Fort 
Laramie Sergeant Leodiger Schneider Ward and 
Guerrier and Other Post Traders at Fort Laramie 
James Baker Origin of the Name of Independence Rock 
Richard Wootten in Wyoming Origin of the Name 
Platte River B. F. Lowe, Henry Perri Old Trappers 
and Traders Origin of Names of Big Horn River and 
Mountains, Big Wind River, Wind River Range, Shoshone 
Range, Popo Agie Rivers, Teton Range and Peaks Climb- 
ing the Grand Teton. 



16 HUDSON BOOK CO. 

As will be seen from the foregoing pages, the book 
is one which 1 will at once take rank with the first authori- 
ties, and indeed, for some phases of Western History and 
Incident, be the only source available. 

It was intended to supplement the work with a vol- 
ume of biographical sketches and an index, but these 
were never written, owing to the death of the author. 
It is however a matter of keen satisfaction to know that 
he was spared long enough to write the historical por- 
tion, and see a small edition issue from the Press. 

The Volume was then carefully stored away to await 
the preparation of these unwritten additions, and has 
remained, , from that day to this, in the vaults of a 
Western bank, hidden and unknown. 

We append below an Order Form which can be filled 
out and mailed and suggest that this be done AT AN 
EARLY DATE, as the edition is but a small one and the 
book one which is absolutely essential to any working 
library relating to the West. 

We will gladly forward the volume subject to ex- 
amination and approval. 

Very Sincerely, 
HUDSON BOOK COMPANY. 

Hudson Book Company, 862 Hewitt Place, Bronx 
New York City 

Dear Sirs : Please forward Copies, Coutant's 

History of Wyoming and the Far West. 8vo, pp. 712. 
illus. with 2 maps and 76 plates. Laramie, 1899. Price 
$5.00 per copy Delivered. 



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